Section I – Participation and awards



A.  Any active member (husband or wife) or dependent residing in the same household may skipper a boat of a recognized fleet in competition for awards

B.    Participation may be of individual skippers or skipper teams, which are defined as two race participants, one of which must be an active club member, who designate themselves as a team before the start of and for the duration of a competition.  Additional rules for Skipper teams:

1.      When only one member of a team is present for a race, they must be skipper for the team to get race credit, and normal rules apply to any additional crew.

2.      When both team members are in a race they can trade off helm and crew roles at their discretion.  Additional crew is allowed per existing race rules.

3.      The team may not claim race credit in any race where the members race in different boats.  This allows a team to split up and crew on two boats, but neither can claim team credit for the race.

4.      An active club member must compete in a minimum of 50% of the races for a team to qualify for an award.

5.      All normal aspects of skipper participation (finishes, awards, etc) are associated with the team, and disposition of the awards is up to the team.  The club normally awards one trophy to each skipper – a skipper team may request a second trophy at their expense.

C.  A skipper must be at the helm for the start and finish and during substantially all of the race, including rounding of all marks.

D.  A "recognized fleet" is a group of boats, not necessarily of the same class, in which three or more of the type are sailed on a regular basis by an eligible skipper.

E.  Single-handed entries must wear a life preserver.




A.  Number of Awards: The number of awards given to each "recognized fleet" shall be governed by the number of participating boats as follows:


Number of Yachts Qualifying for the series

Number of awards presented

Six or more


Four or five


Two or three



B. Requirements to Qualify: Skippers may qualify for fleet awards by meeting the requirements for series races sailed as follows:


1) Races to Qualify: The total number of races which are required to be sailed for individual skipper qualification for any series is shown in the following table:


Number of Official Races Conducted in a Series

Minimum Number of Credited for Qualifications

4 or 5


6 or 7


8 or 9


10 or 11


12 or 13


14 of 15



2) Race Credits: Credit may be obtained toward the number of races sailed for individual skipper qualifications by participating in outside events or on race committee services.

a)  Service on race committee counts as one race sailed for each race served but only when such service is officially authorized in advance by the Race Committee Chairman.

                                    b)  CYC series races missed while participating in or travelling to or from sanctioned class regattas, count toward the skipper's total.  However, if his class does not race while he is away or scheduled to serve as race committee, he receives no credit. It is the skippers responsibility to notify the RC Chairman to receive credit for regattas.


3) Special Fleets: Provisions will be made for competition in special fleets.  Any skippers falling within a common category of a recognized fleet may form a special fleet for competition in any series by announcing their intentions and obtaining the concurrence of the Fleet Captain and the Race Committee Chairman prior to the start of the series.  Special fleets will start at the same time as their overall fleet but will be scored separately and may sail a shorter course than the overall fleet. 

Examples of special fleets are:


·         Flying Scot Fleet

·         Catalina 22 Fleet

·         Capri 22 Fleet

·         Cruising Fleet

·         Junior skippers, those under 18 years of age as of  June 1

·         Sunfish, Optimist






A.  Awards shall be given to the winners of each recognized fleet for all series, special races (e.g., long distance, skipper crew, club championships, fleet championships), and special categories.

B.  Awards of CYC glasses will be made to the winner of each class for each race by the Day Chairman at the conclusion of the day's races, and after all material protests have been settled.



Section II – Race procedures




The Starting Sequence is initiated at exactly 1:00 P.M., if possible.  The sequence can vary depending on fleets participating. For this example we will start the Cruising Fleet first, and then the Flying Scot Fleet


Stop                Count

Watch             Down             Actions


-1                    -                    Warning Whistle

Approximately 1 minute before starting the sequence



    0                     5                   Horn, Hoist Class Flag, Start Stop Watch

(Record time of day, as a backup to stop watch)


    1                     4                   Whistle, Hoist Preparatory Flag 


    4                     1                   Whistle, Lower Preparatory Flag   

    5                  0/5                  Horn, (Start First Class),

Lower Class Flag, Raise Next Class Flag


    6                    4                   Whistle, Hoist Preparatory Flag   


    9                     1                   Whistle, Lower Preparatory Flag   


  10                  0/5                  Horn, (Start Second Class), Lower Class Flag,


If more than 2 classes are racing, continue the sequence by raising the next class flag.            



a. Before the starting sequence, a record keeper should be recording sail numbers of starting yachts as they check in with RC.

b. As each fleet starts, if any yachts are over early they should be recalled by sail number. The RC should raise flag.

c. After each start, the starting sequence and course display may be changed to show the next fleet course.




In the event of a serious thunderstorm hazard (lightning and/or winds over 30 knots), the RC will abandon the race by hoisting the "Abandon" signal, sounding two Horns and sending out the crash boat to tell the fleet. RC and crash boat will remain on the lake until all sailboats are out of danger.




Races not started are postponed for 15 minutes. The warning signal will be made 1 minute after removal unless at that time the race is postponed again or abandoned.





We like to have races complete in 90 minutes (45 minutes for H/W) .  Any race which is longer than 2 hours (1 hour for H/W) from fleet start to first finisher in fleet will be abandoned. Rather than abandon the race. the RC will shorten the course, if possible.  There are two ways to shorten the course.


A.  Course Change or Mark Movement: If the long course was assigned and that turns out to be a mistake or if RC wants to move the location of a mark during a race. First, have the crash boat move the mark if needed and then set up station at the mark before the lead boat. Then RC will hoist flag "C", sound three Horns while the crash boat notify racers as they round the mark   The new finish line should be set up so that the boats rounding the last mark be on the proper side to cross the finish line with the pin to port

B.  Shortened Course: If boats will have difficulty finishing a course in time, the RC will shorten the course by setting up a finish line at the mark ahead of the lead boat. Then RC shall hoist the code flag "S", and sound two horns. Leave the RC boat on station and use the mark as the pin for the finish line  Boats will finish as they cross between the RC boat and the mark. The repositioned finishing mark will be taken on the port side.





The normal finish line is set by moving the pin closer to the RC boat so that the distance is no more than 50 feet.  When the finish line is set, the RC will hoist the blue flag to indicate the RC boat is on station to finish.  The first boat to finish in each recognized fleet should be given a Horn and all following boats should be given a whistle.  The RC will record elapsed time (from the stop watch or time of day watch) for all boats.  Yachts finish when any part of the boat or its rigging or crew (including the spinnaker) in the "normal" position crosses the line.




Yachts that do not finish within 45 minutes of the first finisher in its fleet will receive a DNF. Race Chairman are expected to make sure those boats are ready to start the next race before initiating the starting sequence.




a.  The RC will protest yachts only for unsportsmanlike conduct or over early. Protests for all infringements of the rules must be lodged by competing yachts, except as otherwise specified by the USYRU Rules of 2004.

b.  A protesting yacht must make an attempt to notify violating yachts of her intent  to protest.  This will allow the offending yacht to exonerate herself by using the 720 rule. The only exception is the touching of a mark by a racer that directly tacked in front of starbord vessel at a mark rounding. This is an DSQ, no 720's allowed

c.  Competing yachts wishing to register a protest must do so with the RC at the conclusion of each race and must display a protest flag at the earliest opportunity after the violation.  The protest flag must remain displayed until crossing the finish line or the protest will not be recognized the Day Chairman.

d.  In the event of a valid protest, the Day Chairman will organize a Protest Committee to hear the protest after the conclusion of the day's races.


11.     LIFE JACKETS  


When the RC boat display this flag (or a life jacket) ALL racers MUST wear a Coast Guard approved PFD


Section III – Handicapping



The Cruising Fleet uses a handicapping system known as the PHRF system.  This system attempts to level the playing field when boats of different classes (and speed capabilities) race against each other.

CYC uses the Time Correction Factor (TCF) version of this handicapping system.  That means that each boats actual finish time is multiplied by the boats TCF to get a ‘corrected time’.  The order of finish is determined by the lowest corrected time.

The TCF for each boat is found on a page in the RC Instructions and Forms book.  It is titled “CYC Cruising Fleet Handicaps



Get the ‘actual time’ for each boat.  The ‘actual time’ does NOT include the 5 or 10 minutes preceding the actual starting signal for the cruising fleet that must be subtracted out.

Convert the ‘Actual Time’ into Seconds: 

35 min 45 Seconds is 35 X 60 = 2100 + 45 = 2145 seconds

Take the actual time in seconds and multiply it by the TCF for the boat:

2145 X .7647 (TCF for a Catalina 22) = 1640.3 Seconds is the ‘Corrected Time’.

If in the same race, a Capri 22 finishes in 33 minutes and 55 seconds

34 X 60 = 1980 + 55 = 2035 seconds

2035 X .8553 (TCF for a Capri 22) = 1740.5 Seconds of ‘Corrected Time’

In this example the Catalina 22 has the lower corrected time and therefore beats the Capri 22 even though the Capri 22 crossed the finish line first.

Always carry the calculation to at least one decimal place.  We have had races determined by less than .3 seconds.